Dr. James E. Purpura is Professor of Language and Education in the Applied Linguistics and TESOL Program at Teachers College, Columbia University. Jim’s research has focused on grammar and pragmatics assessment, the cognitive underpinnings of L2 performance, learning-oriented assessment as a framework for understanding how learning can be incorporated into formal assessments, and how assessments function when embedded in teaching and learning and mediated through interaction. Currently, he is involved in a multi-year project on Scenario-Based Assessment. A former President of ILTA, Expert Member of EALTA and a member of the US Department of Defense Language Testing Advisory Panel, Jim is currently co-editor of Language Assessment Quarterly, and is series co-editor of both New Perspectives on Language Assessment and Innovations in Language and Learning Assessment at ETS. Jim was a Fulbright Scholar at the University for Foreigners of Siena in 2016.